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Last y Now we're all best friends. Is Dak Prescott just the sequel to Mark Sanchez, but this time with lowered draft expectations? Let's explain the world of Week 3 through GIFs. Come on, Bill. We know you're sour about the suboptimal performance by your On Monday, Vikings coach Mike Zimmer stood before reporters at his regularly scheduled press conference and addressed the team's most recent roster transaction following a tie with the Packers. Less than 24 hours earlier, rookie kicker Danie Let's explain the world of Week 2 through GIFs. The football season is just 17 games old I kid -- kind of.

Anyone who thinks they have the league figured out after Week 1 is a fool. That said, if you've In this weekly feature, we tell the story of Week 1 through GIFs. So, here's how Jon Gruden's night began: And here's how i Nate Orchard spent the past three seasons as a role player for the Browns, but the defensive end knew he needed a big effort in last Thursd You da real MVPs. Ritchie Breen That title belongs to his understudy, No. But make no mistake: Taylor is a major piece of the puzzle as Clevel The late Freddie Mercury once told us this about pressure : Pressure pushing down on me Pressing down on you no man ask for Under pressure that brings a building down Splits a family in two Puts people on streets I'm pretty sure Mercury Dez Bryant arrived at Cleveland Browns headquarters last week looking to make a strong impression.

He's been unconnected to an NFL team since the Cowboys cu Dan Hanzus serves as your guide. We love you for it, and so does budlight You will be spared. Who is your upset acquisition that you see the Graybeards making after training camp cuts? We watch a slow-motion montage of Browns pla Congratulations LevitreAndy and katielevitre! Training camps are in full swing. Yeah, I like The phrase is plastered on signs and banners everywhere: at team headquarters, in and around FirstEnergy Stadium and at carefully selected hubs Tom Brady is still here.

The most successful quarterback who ever lived turned 41 on Friday. For a man now firmly entrenched in middle-age, it'd make sense if he was spending this special day on a golf course This is why we're so close. Do you guys view the 49ers as a double digit win team in ? Matt Woolsey?? This is the End Around AB84 showed up in a helicopter. Pittsburgh Steelers steelers July 25, For the last three sum Every NFL team's training camp will be underway by the end of the week, and fan optimism is in overdrive all across the country.

Training camp represents a sacred place for the glass-half-full sect, a time when potential team strengths easily oversha You get me. What are the chances the Alex Smith Redskins finish the regular season with a better record than the Kurt Cousin Darrelle Revis retired on Wednesday.

Five thoughts on one of the best to ever play the cornerback position. Yeah, yeah, I know. How dare I besmirch Broadway Joe! Trust me, I'm not doing that. I love that Jay Cutler spent his NFL career being painted as a misanthrope with a nicotine addiction , a quarterback with all the arm talent in the world but none of the grit to match.

Cutler was never "just a kid out there. Love me some Pro-Football-Reference. I mean, not as much as this site Area Man Saves Job , but it's right up there. Whether you're a diehard fan or a member of the football cognoscenti, PFR is an invaluable resource for pure, unadulterated That was cool. Who trades for Flacco next year after he inevitably gets benched for Jackson? Every NFL offseason is unique. It's also exactly the same. Look at the NFL offseason like a long-running sitcom: Absent fresh A little thought exercise on a football website in the middle of June Imagine the NFL as a community.

A town where the league's players, coaches, general managers, owners, scouts, et. There's a grocery store and a Now it's the NFC's turn. A reminder: Don't me. Everything I've written here will be proven this autumn to be a percent accurate and If you're like me, you've been studying your favorite team, diagnosing the roster's strengths and weaknesses as you make an internal case for a playoff With the impending decline of the Pats in the coming years, which franchise has the best chance of being the next dyn There's nothing worse than last place.

You can't sugarcoat or rationalize it. There is no, "Yeah, but All there's left to do is proce Is it better to be lucky or good? To be successful in the NFL, you had better be both. After all, every team that's raised the Lombardi Trophy benefited from some luck along the way. For evidence, look no further than the defending Super Bowl champ For most of the millennium -- well, s That was nice. With how many teams that have never won repeat superbowls, is there a strong belief that the Eagles actually make it He's reached that most rarified level of sports celebrity -- a larger-than-life, quasi-mythic, demigod-level of renown that allows him to pass even The Grandmother Test As OTAs, mandatory minicamps, training camp and the preseason approach, here are our top 10 offseason storylines to watch.

Which one of the Big Five rookie QBs will see There was something special about the marriage of one of Manhattan's most historic venues with one of the NFL's tentpole events. From the red carpet in the middle of midtown, The Jets have a new face of the franchise. Welcome to New York, Sam Darnold. The Jets selected the USC passer with the third overall pick of the NFL Draft on Thursday night, a move the organization hopes will finally solve their forever riddle Being selected in the first round of the NFL draft seems like a pretty perfect life event.

After all, who wouldn't relish the opportunity to realize an improbable life's dream and become an instant millionaire at the same time? There's also the li Today, it's all about the draft. And do you think Seattle will actually pick on the first round this year? Toughest schedules Most forgiving schedules Revenge games Top prime-time bouts Revenge. Glorious revenge. What could possibly be more rewarding than vanquishing a foe by way of expert retaliation?

We're talking profound justice, baby! Which NFL stars have looked the most out of place in a uniform that didn't connect them to their glory days? Dan Hanzus takes us on a walk down memory lane to gawk at All-Pros in duds that were easy to forget. A warning: Some of these photos will be Aqib Talib and Michael Crabtree will ply their trade outside the confines of the AFC West in , but that won't stop the two men from sharing a field this year. Dan Hanzus takes questions from you, the readers, in his latest mailbag studying the world of the National Football League. Going into last season there was a lot of talk about Dak vs Carson, who was better.

Did last season settle that argument or Every team that changes its uniform is ultimately hoping for the Bucs Effect. On April 9, , the Tampa Bay Buccaneers hit the reboot button. After years of losing, new owner Malcolm Glazer decided his team needed a fresh, more intimidating image The U. Bureau of Labor Statistics announced last month that the unemployment rate was steady at 4. Employment rose in the fields of construction, retail trade, professional and business services, We learned earlier this month that the Dallas Cowboys are the subject of the third season of the Amazon documentary series All or Nothing.

Now we have a trailer, which offers a glimpse into the highs and lows of a disappointing season for Joe Namath remains, all these years later, the only true franchise quarterback in New York Jets history. I know what you're thinking. That can't be. It's impossible. Joe Namath was on the Jets, like, 40 years ago 42, actually.

There has to be Dan Hanzus takes questions from you, the readers, in the latest End Around Mailbag. Long time listener, first time question asker The Bills have inquired regarding the 1 overall pick per reports and havent got it The Arizona Cardinals exist today as a franchise in flux. It wasn't long ago they were the envy of the league.

Flashback to June 10, On that day, the Cardinals gathered in downtown Los Angeles for the premiere of Amazon's newest documentary If Barkley is taken at 1, who do the giants take? Some days are diamonds, some days are rocks. Let's take a look back at the week and decide who won It was a good week for Les Snead: The Rams general manager is in that good place for a front office official. Through smart m Jon Gruden: Gruden hadn't been at the combine podium in 10 years before Wednesday, but the man showed It was a loss for the Arizona Cardinals, but also for the rest of us.

After all, Arians was a true original -- a man who brought personality to a gig where that's not necessarily Frank Reich: Reich had one of the lines of the offseason when asked during his introductory press Dan Hanzus takes questions from you, the readers, in the reincarnated End Around Mailbag. It livvvvvvvves! Jimmy Garoppolo: Jimmy G. I was on the field as the Eagles celebrated their Super Bowl win That may not seem like something that seems worthy of a dispatch, given Philadelphia had just won its first Super Bowl in the year history of the damn game.

But in reality, hoisting a Lombardi So credit Timberlake with a little outside-the-box thinking: Why pick just a few hits to showcase when y That's an incredible accomplishment, but here's a scorching hot take delivered to you straight from the North America tundra: Justin Timberlake, making The pop star is standing in front of a packed convention room of reporters from all over the world, but he looks like his next stop could be a pig roast in the woods.

Clad in a flannel button up ove Every Wednesday, Dan Hanzus combs through the expert findings of the NFL Media Research Department to share nuggets also known as "nugs" that fascinate, frighten or change him on a fundamental level. PAUL, Minn. Swarms of humanity. Sweaty journalists w Approximately 90 percent of the content herein can be fairly described as "accurate. For the time being, football fans will have to settle for a pretty stellar merch battle going on between the two star quarterbacks. This might not seem like a big deal, but history tells us this solitary wardrobe decision has already decided the very outcome of pro football's most celebrated co Every week of the NFL season tells a story.

The Gatorade Bath wasn't always a thing. This is weird consideri I was sitting in the office today having a conversation with my co-worker Brooke, starting pitcher for our fabulously successful newsroom softball team and a die-hard fan of the Minnesota Vikings. Killing time before a Super Bowl planning meeting, This is the Championship Week edition of High-Fl Good morning, Stefon. I am you 12 hours in the future. Just a ge The Vikings have already begun the process of preparing for their conference championship affair against the Eagles next Sunday. We, as fans, don't need to move on so quickly.

Stefon Diggs' yard touchdown as time expired is still hard to belie We love The Times-Picayune, New Orleans' paper of record and a publication unafraid to wear its hometown passion on its sleeve, er, front page. This isn't just the playoffs for NFL teams. The lights are up for the whippersnappers running team social media accounts, too. Blake Bortles is in a weird place right now. Bortles has advanced with his team into the NFL's version of the Elite Eight, but that achievement has done nothing to slow the steady flow of insults directed at the Jaguars quarterback on a near-weekly This is the Divisional Playoffs edition of If you've ever been to an NFL game, you know how close fans can be to The NFC South remains a realm not recommended for the thin of skin, the weak of heart, and the vulnerable of disposition.

We're currently in the process of finding out who will play in the final game of the season, but the non-football related entertainment portion of Super Bowl LII is now set. The league announced Monday that Pink -- or P! NK -- will perform the natio Dalton's stunning touchdown pass to Tyler Boyd on Sunday served as a late Christmas miracle f The regular season is over, the playoff field is set. I know exactly what you're thinking: "Finally we can figure out who the NFL can force into a starring role on Hard Knocks! So let's tell the story of Week 17 through GIFs. It's so cold.

We're seeing record low temperatures across the United States this weekend. As in, the coldest weather ever. This has been an adverse development for NFL players, who are crashing into each other a high velocity with temperatures in The regular season comes to a close on Sunday. For 12 of the NFL's 32 teams, the journey will continue into January. The Sam Ficken era is off to an inauspicious start. Ficken, signed by the Rams after NFL point leader Greg Zuerlein was sent to injured reserve with a back injury this week, missed a field goal and an extra point attempt in the first half of Sunda Blake Bortles has become perhaps the grand curiosity of this NFL as we reach the final weeks of the regular season.

For most of , Bortles looked every bit the liability that would stand in the way of the Jaguars and their gifted defense making This is the Week 16 edition of High-Flying Adven Those of us who don't sit on the Throne of Ease are still attempting to process how the Patriots managed to win on Sunday in Pittsburgh.

New England certainly looked cooked after Jesse James crossed the goal line with the ball firmly in his grasp So let's tell the story of Week 15 through GIFs. The Oakland Raiders have already earned their spot on 's Mount Rushmore of Call it a game of millimeters. Sunday Night Football between the Cowboys and Raiders treated us to one of the strangest scenes of the season. In the fourth quarter of a tie game, the Cowboys decided to keep their offense on the field for a This is the Week 15 edition of High-Flying Adven The official paperwork represented the culmination of a night terror turned reality for Iggles fans, who thought, maybe -- just maybe -- this was finally the year.

Ugh, maybe This week we'll focus exclusively on the Bills' overtime victory over the Colts in snow-blanketed Orchard Park. That's right, the This has been a special year -- a rebirth, really -- for touchdown celebrations in the NFL. And while we've all enjoyed the creativity that's come with this new post-score freedom of expression, there's something to be said for the standards. This is the Week 14 edition of High-Flying Adventu People in Philadelphia are still ticked off about the lateral.

In the fourth quarter of Sunday night's key conference showdown between the Eagles and Seahawks, Russell Wilson scrambled on third-and-9 and, as Eagles defenders closed in, flipped the Everyone is having fun in the end zone thanks to the NFL's now relaxed end zone rules, but no one has done it better this season than the Philadelphia Eagles. With a three quarters of the season in the books, let's rank our favorite Eagles celebratio So let's tell the story of Week 13 through GIFs. Well, that's that.

Marcus Peters chose a unique method to protest a penalty call late in Sunday's matchup against the Jets. He took the penalty flag out of play. The Chiefs cornerback melted down after teammate Steven Nelson was called for defensive holding on a Jets Tom Brady is one of pro football's great competitors. We know this because he yells, "Let's go! Well, that and the unending waterfall of personal and team-based achievements during a legendary year career with the Bill Belichick is not an easy man to read.

Being an impenetrable fortress of solemnity has served the Patriots coach quite well over the years. At some point, Belichick's gruff exterior became as much a part of his legend as his incredible success No way. It just isn't. Anyone who attempts to sell you on this notion is a liar, a fool or both. This will be a game about the This is the Week 13 edition of High-Flying Adven The ongoing feud between wide receiver Michael Crabtree and cornerback Aqib Talib can be traced back a single piece of jewelry.

I refer, of course, to the gold chain that Talib has now snatched from Crabtree's neck in consecutive years during meeti The NFL season is long. This is especially true for head coaches, who who age like presidents during pressure-packed job tenures that demand around the clock effort. Take Colts coach Chuck Pagano, for instance, who has watched his team kick away So let's tell the story of Week 12 through GIFs. How can Antonio Brown be the most productive wide receiver since Jerry Rice and The Patriots quarterback actually threw an interception Sunday his first since Week 6 , but he piled on four more touchdown passes in a easy victory over the Dolph The Raiders have finally done it.

Fittingly, the Raiders needed a lot of luck to end one of the strangest NFL strea What's the biggest difference between this year's Falcons offense and their unstoppable attack from a season ago? One simple answer? There's been curious a red zone disconnect between quarterback Matt Ryan and star wide receiver Julio Jones, who en This is the Week 12 edition of High-Flying Adven So let's tell the story of Week 11 through GIFs. This is how you look when you go to JerrahWorld and score 30 unanswered points i The Bills were widely questioned for their decision to bench quarterback Tyrod Taylor this week.

One can imagine the Buffalo braintrust is having second thoughts right about now. Rookie Nate Peterman threw five interceptions in the first half of What a difference a year makes. Twelve months ago, the Los Angeles Rams were one of the most depressing watches in football. They couldn't score, the kid quarterback was overwhelmed, and the mustachioed veteran coach had lost the ability to summon This is the Week 11 edition of High-Flying Adven Let's talk today about the limits of friendship.

Attending a football game is a communal experience. It's fun. It's inclusive. It's a big human hug. This is the everlasting beauty of attending a live sporting event -- for four or five hours everyon ET On Feb. It remains the greatest Super Bowl halftime show of So let's tell the story of Week 10 through GIFs.

I grew up in a suburb 20 miles north of Manhattan, a Jets fan in a town filled w Teddy Bridgewater made it back. The Minnesota Vikings quarterback, who had his career and life upended by a freak knee injury in practice last summer, was on the sideline and active for Sunday's win over the Washington Redskins. Sunday marked Maurice Harris is your new leader in the clubhouse in the Greatest Catch Of competition. The Washington Redskins wide receiver -- called up from the practice squad this weekend -- made a diving one-handed touchdown catch in the first quarter o Everyone is still trying to figure out how Tom Brady remains so damn good at football now months beyond his 40th birthday.

Panthers quarterback Cam Newton has a theory we'd yet to come across before Wednesday. This is the Week 10 edition of High-Flying Adven So let's tell the story of Week 9 through GIFs. This might be my favorite moment of unintentional comedy in NFL this season. Jameis Winston seems like a good leader. He's a franchise quarterback. He has charisma. We saw this summer on Hard Knocks how well Winston's personality connected with Buccaneers teammate The Houston Astros defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers in Game 7 of the World Series last night to clinch the first championship in their year history.

Bully for those guys. With the Astros on top of baseball mountain and Deshaun Watson lighting it This is the Week 9 edition of High-Flying Advent So let's tell the story of Week 8 through GIFs. There's logic in play here. JuJu Smith-Schuster is more than just the guy whose n The Atlanta Falcons needed a bounce-back game after three straight tough losses, and on Sunday, they got exactly that, beating the New York Jets, Here's what we learned from the afternoon: 1.

The Falcons ended their three-game losing The Patriots are at home in the Tom Brady era. For real. And while taking out the Patriots in Foxborough is not impossible just ask the Chiefs and Panthers , it represents a gargantuan challenge. You must be sharp. You must be dynamic. And yo Every week, Dan Hanzus combs through the expert findings of the NFL Media Research Department to share nuggets also known as "nugs" that interest, fascinate, frighten or change him on a fundamental level. This is the Week 8 edition of High-Flying The Cleveland Browns need help.

The team is winless as we near the season's halfway point and sit an unsightly since the start of the season. Hue Jackson may yet still be a successful NFL head coach, but it could take him years -- decades Ah, the warm glow of new friendship. Is there anything better than meeting someone and immediately reaching an unspoken understanding you're going to be tight for life? So let's tell the story of Week 7 through GIFs.

Let's begin today with a huge shout-out to Mother Natural disasters have been a sad fact of life in our country for the past three months, from Hurricane Harvey in Texas, to Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico, to the wildfires of Northern California. Texans star J. Watt showed just how powerful a Every Wednesday, Dan Hanzus combs through the expert findings of the NFL Media Research Department to share nuggets also known as "nugs" that interest, fascinate, frighten or change him on a fundamental level.

This is the Week 7 edition of High-Fly So let's tell the story of Week 6 through GIFs. Last week, I wrote in my weekly research notes c This is a time of great hope for the Jacksonville Jaguars, who feel like a team on the brink of at long-last escaping the endless shadow of The Jags have won more than they've lost this season -- this is the latest the Jags have been above. This is the Week 6 edition of High-Fly The Tampa Bay Buccaneers have a kicker problem. Yes, a lot of teams have problems with their kickers, but that's not what I'm getting at here.

Last year So let's tell the story of Week 5 through GIFs. The Cowboys did pretty much everything in their p Tonight is an important game for the New England Patriots. The defending Super Bowl champions are and facing extreme -- and deserved -- scrutiny for a defense that has been historically bad through four weeks. Bill Belichick and defensive In terms of high comedy, nothing in Week 4 came close to the image of Jay Cutler split out wide in the Wildcat. Let's all take a second to reminisce and smile: On the surface, the ever-substantial Cutler Don't Care contingent appeared to have a Sm This is the Week 5 edition of High-Fly This New York Giants season has gone sideways in a hurry.

Another descriptive term that would fit for Big Blue? Real crooked. I give this game everything I got. Ain't no way around it.. A post shared by OdellBeckhamJr obj on Oct So let's tell the story of Week 4 through GIFs. Last week, we wrote about Deshaun Watson's thoughtful It was perhaps the gre This is the Week 4 edition of High-Fly No, that was not foreseen. We keep moving. Elliott shocked the Giants -- and made his old man proud -- with a yard, game-winning field goal in Week 3. You kno The USA has a remarkable history and continued practice of union-busting that seems a little absurd to outside eyes.

I do not get the impression that European labor unions are better behaved than the ones in the US. There are immense differences between European countries see the chart at the bottom. France has 19 times more strike days per employees than The Netherlands, for example.

A very interesting data point is that Sweden has a fraction of the strikes that Norway and Denmark have. So you can see that the differences are truly national, rather than regional. American litigation? I have no idea. I know we got the EU to pay for all our infrastructure work, back in the balmy days of the Celtic Tiger, but maybe America is already so built up by our standards, it is more expensive and difficult than working from a green field situation where there was nothing there ever before.

And they still can build cheaper and faster than New York. Then again, France is just strange all around. Maybe they have the streets cleared to work because all the lorry drivers on strike at the ferry ports are not moving through? Not by much, but Seville-Madrid in cost more per-km than Madrid-Barcelona in , which seems to be largely attributable to developing their understanding of how to build railways.

We experience a modest, short term illusion of wealth in exchange for enormous, long term liabilities. Does that argument generalize? Pensions seem like a logical place to look, particularly in the public sector — many cities today are struggling to pay overly generous pension plans. It can happen to corporations too — for example, GM before the financial crisis was talked about as a health insurance business that happens to make automobiles.

It also seems plausible that young companies with mostly young workers have an advantage. Maybe we should ask why things were so cheap back then? Also, school buildings are often not counted as school spending. But there is a lie today, as well, to the extent that defined benefit pensions still exist. Anyway, it would be simpler to say: much of the current budget is going to retired teachers. This is a simple, concrete statistic that ought to be available.

I suspect many colleges are actually getting a fair amount of money cheating their students on rent. Not in the sense of breaking a contract, but banning student participation in the local rent market. This is the case at least at my school, where students are required to live in dorms for two years after which point they are kicked out because my school admits too many people , despite the availability of housing that is both better and cheaper within a block or so of the campus.

I suspect things are similar elsewhere, but do not know. US west coast. But in cities, housing costs have also skyrocketed, and colleges usually own all the closest land, which is then underdeveloped compared to those neighborhoods see: Columbia U — which then itself increases rent prices nearby due to induced scarcity of nearby land.

My university did similar. Mandatory housing on campus first year, a lottery system to let you leave the second year, and then no housing thereafter. It was a pretty blatant cash grab, and they were talking about building more dorms to extract more revenue. The numbers at the NCES site are given in current dollars, not constant dollars.

Good catch, Prof. In the first three, I walked in and got asked if I knew how to belay. If I said no, they spent minutes showing me how and let me go about it. If I said yes, they just let me go or maybe just took a minute to make sure I really knew what I was doing. When I went in the US, I had to sign two different liability forms, then either take an hour-long course which cost extra and was only given in the afternoon or on one occasion, pass a test I got one detail wrong, which got me sent back to having to take the course , after I said I knew what I was doing.

To put this in perspective, climbing wall injuries are incredibly rare. In CA specifically Hangar 18 in and around LA : New people at the gym could get a twenty minute orientation on how to belay.

The instruction was fairly competent. Afterwards they could belay as they would like. If they already knew how to belay, they just needed to demonstrate the skills which took about five minutes. In NYC pretty much all the gyms in NYC : people who already know how to belay can get a belay test which is free and takes a few minutes. In TX a while ago. In some cases they let customers do it online in advance which is pretty convenient. Also in my experience top-rope belaying tests tend to be pretty lenient.

Lead tests are usually more stringent but that makes sense since there are a lot more ways to hurt yourself leading. For the most part is it just climbing a fairly easy 5. Where in France was this? My experience with climbing gyms in France is exactly the ridiculousness you describe for the US. Grenoble, where they were really easy-going. I had interestingly similar experiences in South Korean gyms. Slapping the equivalent of 5 bucks on the front counter was all you needed to lift in peace — towel and locker provided gratis. Monthly and yearly plans were, of course, discounted from the nightly rate.

When I got back to America after a few years, imagine my shock at the reams of paperwork — liability waivers, personal information, credit checks, even — that were required to sign up for mandatory yearly plans at pretty much every establishment I encountered. Suffice to say I was less shocked to see the domestics costs roughly doubly those provided by their Korean counterparts at no noticeable difference in quality.

America is an expensive place to live. Declining population-level intelligence, executive function, conscientiousness, and so on due to pollution and dysgenics. Since you mention it. Check out the results on backwards vs forwards digit span. I would welcome some reading on causal influence of pollution and dysgenics, if you had any lying around. Since you seemed to start with that. Not OP, but Google seems to tell me that pollution impacts education and scores. The only studies I could find about IQ from Google Scholar were on the side-effects of lead, which only really concerns places with lead pollution.

The question is whether these impact society or individuals. Maybe China is doing studies on it? I recently heard news that they were considering green energy, which is not typical of them. Dysgenics: I was thinking of the Iceland paper on genetic variants associated with educational attainment.

Small effect size, to be sure, but it was in the news recently. For pollution, I was thinking Robertson on atmospheric CO2: As the degree of acidosis increases, somnolence and confusion follow. But there are a million other things that you could follow up on here: lead, fatty acid composition, the effects of various common drugs on the fetus when taken by the mother during pregnancy, the correlation between living near a highway and dementia, the correlation between anticholinergic drug e.

Benadryl use and dementia, epigenetic effects of artificial lighting…. Lead was a big deal, but the SAT at least was renormed. A theory: what if the underlying cause of this is technology? A question struck me in the shower. To whom does the money go? Some no doubt goes to our capitalist overlords. But I think a commenter above has the right idea. More people are involved in providing basically the same service. And why is that?

So basically an uncoordinated attempt at basic income and employment therapy payed for by increased productivity in other fields! Have you read Lafargue? He wrote about the Right to be Lazy and prefigured exactly your concerns about invented labor. The people in universities relying on mental health services, for instance, would like to have a word with anyone who thinks we should go straight back to the seventies. Other potential benefits are more elusive. Who can compare the pleasures of buying a Coke before and after indoctrination?

Most students have health insurance through their parents, and could seek out care in the community instead. I think in some places like Grinnell this might not be as possible, but there is no reason a school in a major city needs its own doctors. I agree that there is no obvious reason to prefer that doctors in general come through schools and an obvious reason against—that everyone and not just students should have doctors.

Accessibility services however include programmes targetted to the situation of a university. This can include things that could have specialization-based cost-savings, as well as things that a university needs to directly engage with. Examples of both kinds: an embedded counsellor with expertise in the stresses of a given institution; a system of note-takers that allow people who cannot take their own notes to have notes; the kind of training that hopefully results in aegrotats or rewrites for people who have an anxiety attack in the middle of an exam.

All that said, I am not sure what relevance the preferability of care being available more generally has, since my claim was only that mental health services in fact get used and benefit their users. Either these students do not have the access to care outside of their universities you suggest, or they are underusing their health insurance through ignorance in which case health insurance is now cheaper for everyone else. Yes, unemployed people would like to have easy jobs doing pointless work, but why would anybody employ them?

My wife recently took a job as an administrator at a private college, after having spent the last few years in the UC administration. In my office at UC, many of the staff were idle for half the day or more, just killing time. Absolutely no one is here. Also, in big companies where the average employee care more about themselves and their closest colleagues than the company bottom line. Some testable predictions: 1 countries with lower technology levels and a bigger agricultural sector should have lower costs for education and health care adjusted for possible confounders and 2 a lot more people are employed in education and health care although mainly in various supportive or administrative functions now than fifty years ago.

But, of course, they do not have personhood and do not do decisions, except via their employees. Once you look at it from perspective of individuals involved shareholders, CEO, middle manager, the worker the whole proposition suddenly makes much more sense. My analysis is that organizations gradually expand, simply because they is the constant creation of new positions and other positions becomes obsolete, but for the people in the organization it is much easier and more pleasant to hire someone for that new position than to remove the obsolete position.

So you need to do forced cuts, just to stay at the same level. It is very painful to eliminate people, because you have to look people in the eye and basically tell them that they are useless. Shareholders tend to hire relatively sociopathic people to run organizations, because they are willing to do this.

In politics, making cuts has a different dynamic, because it is fairly easy to convince the public who tend to be fairly badly informed that cuts are permanent, rather than part of a normal process of expansion, followed by cuts, followed by expansion, followed by cuts, etc. Instead, they think that cuts means less money going to that field permanently, rather than that cuts are necessary to stay at the same level. Surveys in my country consistently find that voters believe that the cost growth is much less than it actually is. So it is easy for various interests groups to aggressively lobby to limit these cuts below what is necessary, because the voters are not just shareholders, but also consumers who think that they are being short-changed if cuts are made.

So private businesses have their own cost disease. Or external consultants who go through a ritual of considering every possible source of corporate malaise before invariably recommending redundancies. Nothing is stopping the public sector from hiring George Clooney. In some ways they do; Netflix destroyed Blockbuster, despite Blockbuster having a guaranteed income stream, an existing brand, and extensive contacts within the organizations selling movies. What they also had was an extensive organization optimized to renting physical disks and a lot of people who had a lot of experience in running storefronts.

They often do. My favorite example is dell computers. Prior to dell, there was no direct way to buy computers from manufactures, you had to order them all through retailers because the retailers threatened to cut off any manufacturer who started doing direct sales, and that was too big a hit for any of them to take. Dell got started by only doing direct sales, and carved out a major niche for itself.

Established institutions have resources and reputation, and those are big advantages, but they lack agility and generally have trouble adjusting to genuinely new modes of operation. The inability of that single principle to completely determine the winner in a market should not be used to dismiss it as an explanation for why costs could increase over time in sclerotized markets independent of service quality. Yes, that is exactly why you see the constant waves of layoff after layoff at ongoing and profitable large companies.

Between these layoffs, these firms are expanding, and the only way for them to compete with new startups is to constantly go through layoffs. Well, this would exclude quickly growing firms, that may manage to direct this expansion to where the company needs more people. Although this is a very difficult task, so many growing firms end up with too many of some people and not enough of others — and these firms disappear too. And this is why government services are usually so much less efficient than private industry.

For excess useless employees to drive up costs they have to on net be a larger cost than the benefits of size, which automatically makes smaller companies that could avoid them more competitive in an open market. Fantasies about organizational bloat happening i n an open market always fail to include such considerations.

That makes no sense since small companies by definition do not benefit from the advantages that big companies have. As such, they need to be considerably more efficient than big companies to be competitive or find a niche that the big company fails to serve. You are trying to artificially separate out two related things. Economies of scale are not a natural law of the universe. Diseconomies of scale are far more common. As organizations grow, overhead grows geometrically, not linearly. A small company can get by hiring people on an ad-hoc basis, but soon you need an HR person, then a whole HR division.

And while those HR people do do a lot of the work that everyone else used to do, they also generate work. You start needed meetings between HR and other departments to argue over those rules, and so on. The advantage large companies have is not that they are more efficient, they rarely are, but that they have more resources to throw at the problem.

If you have advantages from size in one place, and disadvantages in others they will in a competitive environment have to balance out or on net be cost reducing. My argument is that big companies are generally less cost efficient in operating efficiency, but more in other dimensions. When I was hired at my current job I was the only person in my position and was able to handle the work load easily, eventually I left.

I was offered the job about a year later and decided to come back only to find that I was one of three people doing what I had been doing alone before. Oh and they restructured and the three of us have about half as much work as I had when I first started. The marketing arms race mentioned above is tempting to believe. I have no idea if spending on this or employment in the sector has actually increased, though. Drug advertisements have always struck me as weird and totally pointless, though.

In some respects, our system is designed to treat waste as a feature and not a bug. We could surely have drastically reduced health care costs by adopting some kind of socialized system along the European model, but that is politically impossible because all that wasted money is providing hundreds of thousands of redundant jobs in the private health care market. Of course, the system preserves their jobs nonetheless. Using recorded lectures has been tried, and it is not job protection that keeps us coming back to the lecture model. I am not an expert on education, but from my own experience here are some disadvantages that come from recorded lectures:.

It is hard to maintain consistency between the recorded lecturer and the other parts of the course if the lectures are static. Recorded lectures lack the adaptability needed to answer questions the students may have. In short, recorded lectures are boring, and people learn less from boring lectures.

I realize that it would be cheaper to use recordings instead of professors or, more realistically, graduate students to teach calculus classes. Nevertheless, there is also a cost of eliminating the human element that cannot simply be ignored if you want to do a complete analysis. I do listen to a lot of video lectures, and find them very educational. They work very well if done properly. I have long been puzzled by why lecturers were not replaced by books shortly after the invention of printing made books cheap. Video is just the latest incarnation of that puzzle.

To put forth a theory: humans are evolutionarily adapted to focus close attention to other humans because they are potential predators. For many people, it is easier to absorb information when that instinct is helping them to focus. Give me a book any day. Somebody linked above a discussion regarding why lectures still exist when you can just record it and throw it on YouTube.

That was in OT I learn a lot more in less time from a lecture than I do from reading a book. I think most college classes are set up just that way, or at least at the higher levels of college — one reads the book to learn the subject, and then you go to the lecture for clarification. It is exactly those people who do learn best from the book that would find a recorded or on-line course useless. The point of going to class is to ask questions. But it is enormously more expensive to learn stuff from listening to lecturers than it is to get the information from books. But maybe not so much if recorded or on-line.

As I remember my college years, there were too many that depended on the teacher to learn the material rather than the books they had to read. But for the best learning, you need the experts to help you with questions. I can understand the advantage of interaction. You get to ask a question and have a response once every several lectures. You also get to hear the responses to questions by other students—but you would get that in a recording of the lecture as well.

On the other hand, a book has large advantages over a lecture. You can read parts you have trouble following slowly and several times, move quickly over what is obvious. The author can do a much more careful job of presenting and explaining his ideas than in a lecture. You get to read the best book on the subject ever written—if you are lucky you get to listen to the best lecturer in the field currently teaching in your school, possibly one of the thousand best currently teaching.

I have never heard of anyone rejecting socialized healthcare on the grounds that it preserves jobs. Typically the people against socializing things are also the people in favor of creative destruction. Have I misinterpreted you? When lobbyists of the private insurance market turned out in force to convince Obama that a single-payer option would be a disaster for American businesses, that is what was happening.

That economic argument relies on a functioning competitive market. If there is elite college A, that needs to charge high prices since part of what it offers is a status symbol, it then has the resources to pay people for useless work especially if it can claim that this enhances its status somehow or provide luxurious facilities, etc. Government selects a contractor based on a not entirely transparent or truthful process, and then the contractor builds 1 tunnel. Alas the nonfungibility inherent in infrastructure makes it really difficult to adopt into a private market model.

Medical costs are such a mess that no real competition on price is possible, imo. This is a very interesting thought. I often marvel at how much modern economic activity seems so…unnecessary.


Considerations On Cost Disease

Now there are so many fewer farmhands, and machinists, and foundry workers, etc etc etc. At a certain point, we might actually have more people than we need workers to provide our economy with the basics for healthy, happy, stable lives. Cat Psychology! You get the point. Ask yourself, if I woke up tomorrow and my entire profession ceased to exist, could civilization continue? I suspect that for many, many people the answer is yes. Lots of centrist governments with a mandate to repair their countries and reward their electorates were in power, lots of effort was being made to reward electorates.

And so on. I hope that as more of the resources we collectively need are considered in transactions, the market will either start to behave itself or fall away entirely. What happened in the 70s is an interesting topic. Prior to the Great Recession, Scott Sumner was focused on how different countries reacted in different ways.

Denmark stood out as one that had shifted most toward neoliberalism though New Zealand arguably rivalled it , hence naming his paper The Great Danes. Of course, Sumner is a neoliberal and you only have his word that he identified Greece as the least neoliberal back when it was booming rather than after it crashed. This also reminded me of another thing. Many economists, like Sumner, point out that the Greek government spends a large portion of its GDP even after austerity, whereas poorer eastern european countries spend less and are understandably reluctant to subsidize Greece.

Follow the money. But those things each have line items, and the line items have line items, and so on fractally. At each point there are either new line items totaling more than the prior cost, or a large increase in item cost that has an explanation deeper in the numbers. Corporate profits are hard to measure. Anti-inductively hard. If they can be measured, they can be taxed. The capitalist class is doing really well. Maybe the one is funding the other. If profits are successfully hidden from the government, they have to be successfully hidden from the balance sheet, showing up neither in dividends paid nor in assets.

Which, especially in a US company would produce a stockholder revolt, hostile takeover, and purge of management. The very investor demand for quarterly profits that is regularly bemoaned as causing US corporations to be short-term thinkers prevents corporations from hiding their profits. The obvious exception would be the minority of companies that do persistently run small profits without rebellion.

But Amazons are pretty rare. It is quite easy. Client X is an international retailer. Its goods are manufactured in Asia and sold in the Middle East through its Swiss affiliate. The American company buys the goods from the Asian supplier.

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It then sells the same goods at cost to its Swiss affiliate and ships them directly to the Distribution Center in Dubai. The Swiss party then sells the goods at a huge markup to the Middle Eastern subsidiary, who sells the goods at-cost to end consumers through the physical stores. The Swiss subsidiary made all the money. The American company and Emirate subsidiary both operated at a huge loss.

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The publicly traded holding company that controls all three companies can now show a profit on its balance sheet without having any tax liability. There is a whole branch of corporate taxation that deals with transfer pricing. There are very complicated ways to achieve this by extremely smart people — hence the Apple profits of billions in an Irish sub that does essentially nothing. Hence the Double Irish going the way of the dodo.

No matter how smart you are, tax avoidance is always bargaining with Lord Vader. I work on the logistics side of these transactions, and I can tell you they are structured exactly as I have described. To what end aside from tax efficiency I cannot gather. For example, since the s CEO pay has quintupled despite the lack of any growth in profits or otherwise to justify this. Now this is probably going to result in far smaller effects on overall cost, but it still stands as a demonstration of how market failure can occur and result in large cost increases in these firms.

Bear in mind that a lot of this is competitive pressure. Many CEOs especially at large public companies, where most of the CEO pay inflation has come from are recruited from outside, with top candidates commanding a bidding war for their services. I believe that the main reason is that shareholders: 1. The result is a permanent bidding war where shareholders try to always give above average compensation, since they cannot judge the value of the CEOs and thus use their price as a proxy.

CEOs are Veblen goods. And since CEO pay is irrelevant to the bottom line, there is no price pressure. CEOs seem to generally be governed by the norms of the CEO subculture, which makes them act very much alike. IMHO, those norms mostly suck. So at least at the time, there seems to have been a very destructive ideal of what a CEO should do. I believe that there are actually extremely capable managers, but I consider it very likely that most of these never get the job as it is so hard to distinguish the unconventionally good from the unconventionally bad. Choosing predictably mediocre is quite rational behavior for shareholders.

I would argue that this is why founders tend to be such good managers. They simply used their unconventionally good skills to never have to depend on people taking the risk to parachute them into a big organization. They simply build it up themselves. When they go, you tend to see a way different managerial style by the successor.

Take Steve Jobs, for example. Apple did great when he was in charge. When he left, Apple was run by conventional managers who did the normal managerial stuff, but had no vision. This kept the company going, but it stagnated. Then Jobs came back and boom: big growth, leadership in new markets. He clearly had something extra. If Jobs goes and things start going bad and he comes back and things pick up, then the rational conclusion is that he was a crucial factor. But again, it is far from easy to find these people. One of the best ideas to do so is skunkworks projects, that are initiated from big companies, but act like startups.

Of course, Steve Jobs developed the Macintosh as a skunkworks project, because he was unafraid to cannibalize the existing to stay on top. As they say: be your own competition. This largely ended the era of the company-provided car and country club membership for all but the most elite individuals at the wealthiest firms. I have a feeling that these perks would have been more significant at the middle management level than C-level.

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My last employer was one of the largest media companies in the world. As middle management in one of their engineering groups, I had a blank check for first-class business travel, meals and entertainment expenses, and so forth. When I had to spend a few months in Shanghai and Shenzhen, I was living out of 5 star international hotels the whole time and nobody batted an eye about the expense. All of these things are obscenely wasteful, but man did it make it comfortable to travel. Which was no doubt the point.

I think once an organization gets big enough, paying for these kinds of luxuries becomes a way to reduce friction. Is the cost worth it? For many people, this fee is being taken out of their paycheck in a completely invisible fashion, since it affected their salary negotiations in a way they were never aware of in the first place. In education and infrastructure, public employee unions provide a powerful impediment to effective government negotiation with the service providers, and as cassander points out, wage data for public employees is only part of the picture; their benefits packages are luxurious compared to private sector employees , they work fewer hours, retire much earlier, and in many states, they can game the compensation system to drastically boost their pension relative to their career earnings and the amount of money that was contributed to back that pension, hence one of the reasons for the current solvency crisis in public pension funds.

In addition, their pensions are usually guaranteed by law, in contrast to private sector retirement plans which are dependent upon market performance and sufficient investment. In infrastructure in particular, I would be very interested to see a productivity study of the typical US public infrastructure worker against the typical worker in, say, Korea. In short, there appears to be very little demand from the elected officials to get quality service for the taxpayer money, and in many cities again, anecdotally there seems to be a significant link between public works construction, organized crime and political kickbacks that are probably contributing to it.

In addition, we have significantly higher environmental assessment costs in the US, and in many states, private actors can sue to block public works projects, creating a nearly endless stream of delays, studies, re-studies, committee reports, hearings and so forth that add significant cost and time to any project. Moving on, higher education is price-insensitive because it is a status good more than anything else in the modern day.

Many higher-end professional positions Big Law, management consulting, executive leadership roles at large companies, etc are completely closed to anyone without a sufficiently high-status degree from the Ivies or a tiny handful of other top-tier schools. No matter how terrible an investment a college degree is, the alternative is being frozen out of the white collar job market almost entirely; people will borrow whatever they have to.

Issue tests, require professional certifications, fine; but the generic sheepskin would no longer be something the employer could ask about. I would be willing to bet the impact on the private economy would be nearly zero but higher education costs would collapse in a decade. Initially, of course, businesses would be looking for every extra-legal way they could get around the prohibition, if for no other reason than that the hiring mangers are so conditioned to think of the college degree as the dividing line between civilization and the savages.

What becomes quickly apparent is that cities which allow constant development have seen modest increases, while cities with tightly-zoned and highly regulated development markets have seen massive increases. Laws that stymie NIMBYism and promote unrestricted development could probably solve this problem in a few years, at the cost of wailing and gnashing of teeth from existing landowners who quite like the massively inflated value of their property. In conclusion, none of these problems are intractable and while the specifics of exactly where the money is going are definitely still mysterious, there are some very large and obvious mechanisms that allow for them to grow unregulated.

Addressing those seems like a good first step before doing any more invasive intervention, at least to me. Re: NIMBYism: the weird thing is that allowing more development should raise the value of land to landowners. The people who ought to oppose unrestricted development are renters, who get the supposed benefits of living in under-developed neighbourhoods without forgoing the benefits of unrestricted development. I mean, if you have extra money as a college administrator, this seems like the obvious thing to spend it on: it will make your school more prestigious and will make your co-workers like you.

Developing your own property makes it more valuable. Your neighbor developing his property makes your property less valuable. I disagree entirely. The crappiest house on a nice block is always going to be worth more than the nicest house on a crappy block. See Detroit vs Brooklyn. I would expect the opposite pattern. And since it means there is less housing available, rents are higher, not lower. The losers are tenants, commuters who have to live farther out, and owners of land that is not allowed to be developed.

As sad as it is we need some sort of them scapegoat to get enough motivation and public will to demand something good. It has to be good by punishing the people responsible for the bad. But colleges. Well, colleges have an exemption to this rule. I suspect if disparate impact doctrine were eliminated by the courts and the burden of proof returned on plaintiffs to show conscious discrimination, the premium on a college degree would steeply decline. It would be quite amusing in a sad way if the places where the opposition to discrimination is strongest are secretly the places where we outsourced discrimination to.

The university genuinely is hurting racial minorities and the minorities know this so they protest, but what do they protest for? More of the hurtful policies! So everyone pretends so.. I think in practice this stuff is super easy to get around though. I work for a fairly elite-level firm that does most of its recruiting on college campuses at both the undergrad and graduate level.

And what a coincidence! Also, I suspect that judges will be a lot more willing to agree that college degrees are a job qualification than passing an IQ test. If judges will want to go against the explicit text of Griggs, okay. But they would still be going against it.

On the record before us, neither the high school completion requirement nor the general intelligence test is shown to bear a demonstrable relationship to successful performance of the jobs for which it was used. Both were adopted, as the Court of Appeals noted, without meaningful study of their relationship to job performance ability. The facts of this case demonstrate the inadequacy of broad and general testing devices, as well as the infirmity of using diplomas or degrees as fixed measures of capability.

History is filled with examples of men and women who rendered highly effective performance without the conventional badges of accomplishment in terms of certificates, diplomas, or degrees. Diplomas and tests are useful servants, but Congress has mandated the common sense proposition that they are not to become masters of reality.

The IQ test in the Griggs v. Duke Power was instituted as of the effective date of the Civil Rights Act of The Civil Rights Act of basically codified Griggs, so the disparate impact conclusions of Griggs came back. It might be a good thing if that were the case, to fight back against the irrational college premium, except that I hate the disparate impact standard, and I would hate to see it expanded. One of the other two is Roe vs Wade has anyone here read that case is full?

It is logically incoherent all the way through. What about that one which said that growing crops for your own use violates government price controls under the commerce clause? I have more applicants than positions available, and b. Some significant portion of the applicants have degrees.

Even if a college does not offer any skills at all education value of 0 the degree still semi certifies certain qualities like a. That person can delay gratification for years at a time while the work on a degree. These are valuable signals to employers, who genuinely need some way to separate out their applicants, in a way that no test can qualify to the best of my knowledge. Training an employee is expensive more so indirectly than directly and employees need to know what their chances of success are.

I still think Sonny and Crocket look slick most of the time, but some of the extras do look like aliens from outer space, and the shorts are Bjorn Borg short!!! The 80's were a pretty crazy decade Great show. Brings back a lot of memories seeing it again, and very satisfying that Michael Mann went on to become one of the best movie Directors of all time with films like 'Manhunter' and 'Heat'.

What can I say about Miami Vice that hasn't already been said, except that it is the greatest TV show ever made in the history of television. It quite obvious the best season of Miami Vice is the first season. Season one was the season where Vice really focused all it's episodes in real life situations.

Situations which really happen in real life. Vice started with a bang with the excellent pilot episode, and it never looked backed for the next 22 episodes. Season one was everything that made Mimai Vice what it is now.

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Action, drama, intensity, thrills , music, style, and relationships. One episode that features all this, is Calderone's Return- Part 1 and 2. Two really fantastic episodes. One truly classic season. As good as Season 2 was and it was good, it doesn't compare to Season 1. The problem with season 2, is the show focusing on bizarre situations such as voodoo, satanism, and other weird stuff.

Season 2 featured three episodes that I consider awful. Whatever Works, Tale of the Goat, and Bushido. Three episodes that season 1 would of never of thought of making. Even though I don't like these episodes, I still consider season 2 a very good season. It just doesn't even come close to the flawless season 1. I do think though that season 2 features the greatest Miami Vice episode of all time which is The Prodigal Son. A well directed, very entertaining Vice episode that features lots of action, drug busts, romance, and totally awesome 80's music.

Your not a real Vice fan if you don't like The Prodigal Son. It's sad to say, out of all five seasons of Vice, only the first two seasons defy what Miami Vice was and are the only two seasons that really kick Miami Vice ass!! Season 3 became more of a darker Vice that took away everything that made the first two seasons such a highly entertaining show. Gone was the pastel background colors, snappy pop tunes, and Crocketts famous look that made him an icon among men and his fast wheeling car.

Which was blown up in the season premiere of season 3 When Irish Eyes are Crying. Season 3 took out all the fun and excitement of the first two seasons and replaced it with a more darker depressing Miami Vice. The outcome, ratings dropped, and the show was not Miami Vice that everyone fell in love with. I think the problem lies with the shows producer John Nicolla, who left and was replaced by Dick Wolf who probably was never in favor of the pastel energetic Mimai Vice of the first two seasons.

So if anyone is to blame of Vice's downfall, it's Dick Wolf. Creator also of the lame Law and Order series. I have nothing to say about seasons 4 or 5 except that was this really Miami Vice the show that was unlike any other in the history of television. I have nothing good to say about seasons 4 or 5, except horrifically awful, especially season 4. Can't get any worse than that. Season 1 that is.

The complete season of all 22 episodes and it's original music intact. Wow what a collection that will be, I can't wait. Presume to come out later this year, around Christmas time. What a Christams present that will make! I don't care what the Don Johnson detractors think, this show is still distinct to this day! I'm glad it won Emmys without pretending to be Masterpiece Theater.

This how had a distinct visual style and distinct lingo, which I still use today esp. And the year is ! Thus, a legend was born, along with a working relationship and a friendship. I got a bit fed up with so many people bitching that MV was no good in the 3rd season just because it got darker and more depressing.

It's good to see IMDB users such as yarborough sticking up for Season 3, though I think his assessment of the series overall was pretty harsh. There were many episodes I really liked besides those he mentioned and those I've mentioned, granted his opinion is somewhat agreeabl whjen it comes to Season 2. Critics whined that the music video format would be old hat, but who cares? Miami Vice, despite its detractors, brings back memories of when I was in college too.

It reminds us what a fun, memorable decade the '80s were. Thank God for DVD box sets. And as for the casting, it's like a who's who of guest stars, many of whom would take Hollywood by storm: Bruce Willis, Julia Roberts, David Strathairn -- along with other famous entertainers such as Miles Davis and Phil Collins. Kinda annoyed me when the movie came out. A friend of mine liked it because "It's not a Don Johnson thing. It had a storyline.

I still can't forget "Evan" to this day, or "Return of Calderone! Don't get me wrong: the movie isn't bad for what it is. I just got a bit tired of people hating on this show just because they didn't like Johnson. At least he was colorful. Long live Miami Vice, pal! Vice is back serene23 14 February After much thought and years of watching all the seasons, I am gonna go against the grain and say that Season 3 is the best of the 5. I liked the darker atmosphere in plot, music, lighting, clothing and tone. A favorite of mine is"Shadow in the Dark", where Crockett starts to lose it while tracking down a serial killer.

Next in line would be season 2, Vice had really found what works from Season one and went with it full throttle. Season one would be third. I don't hate season 4 and 5 as much as everyone else, but it is the season that jumped the shark with Crocketts amnesia I quite enjoyed the episode "Death and the Lady". Another reviewer thought it was the worst ep ever, but I enjoyed the dark tone and the guest actors were top notch, plus they played not one but TWO Depeche Mode songs my fave band!!!! Season 5 is the season that I have seen the least.

I need to go back and watch that again. I didn't like how Sonny started wearing jeans and a leather jacket, however that is how Don Johnson initially wanted to portray Crockett when he was cast in It was symbolic though of Crocketts deteriorating state of mind. Also, the tone changed drastically with a new composer for the music, Tim Truman. Not bad, just different. Bad casting. A great choice for Crocket would be Josh Holloway who plays the bad boy on the island in the new show "Lost". Although, I really would prefer that they keep the original cast, make it 20 years later and just add in a few new characters and use todays stars.

But since they are not doing that, I am curious to see who gets the supporting roles. This really was a seminal show, the atmosphere, camera angles, juxtaposition of music and scenes, drama, action, and especially downbeat endings which were quite unusual and unique at the time, gave the show a unique nihilistic tone.

So many stand out episodes and scenes, the acting, especially by Johnson was outstanding, and Oscar worthy IMO. Each Season is quite distinctive in tone, and for me it was always must see television, with extremely high quality production values. This show had plenty of style, but there was plenty of substance, with some of the best writing ever in television series. I own the box set, and have to say, that I rate it right up there with the likes of The Sopranos 9.

Punchy and Groundbreaking, definitely worth a look. The scenes at night speeding through Miami to a thumping soundtrack are truly breathtaking! Highly Recommended!! I can't really claim to be a fan of the numerous crime-solving TV shows that constantly pop up on the TV again and again. But being a young teenager in the mid-Eighties, I did of course watch "Miami Vice". And I can say that it was actually a good show back in the day. The music in the TV series was one of the more memorable of music from the mid-Eighties.

And who hasn't heard the timeless theme music from "Miami Vice". It is just one of those tunes that you never forget once you heard. Crockett is a relatively carefree man who lives on a sailboat, which is guarded by a trusty alligator named Elvis. Tubbs is a New York police officer who is looking for the man who killed his brother. These two very different men team up to bring down the Florida drug and crime world. The two main characters were very well-fleshed out and had lots of background story, and equally much character development throughout the series, which really helped build up a solid and memorable TV series.

And they had cast two good actors for the roles; two actors who have great on-screen charisma and also capable of holding their own on the screen. Of course, as crime shows go, then there is a certain level of predictability that permeates each and every episode. But creators Anthony Yerkovich and Andres Carranza still did manage to put together a solid TV show that captivated the audience week after week. And as this was a mid-Eighties TV crime show, then it wasn't soiled by the usage of ridiculous computer tools, software and other such unrealistic tools that are often seen in crime TV shows today.

And that does add a certain level of believability to the series. And I will say that it can still be watched today. However, I doubt that the people whom are growing up with today's crime shows will find overly much enjoyment in "Miami Vice", as it might be a bit crude and gritty compared to today's fancy and CGI galore crime shows. Even with 80's rose tinted glasses it holds up. This classic ground breaking series followed two very different Police Department detectives working undercover in Miami. It holds up, the characters are still as endearing as they were back then.

The first season has its faults mainly the abrupt cutting between scenes due to planned adverts but also at times the writers or directors don't seem to know how to finish a scene before the next as with many of the shows of the time. New comers may find this a little jarring and frustrating as this has been finely tuned in modern quality TV shows.

The first season has some rough episodes but of the 22 they are the few and far between. The characters are great and the acting is decent for the most part. It's good to watch their friendship grow through good and bad times. The supporting cast are on fine form, notably Det. Gina Calabrese Saundra Santiago and Lt. Castillo Edward James Olmos who becomes their new boss a few episodes in. Its fitting that the exposition isn't forced and you need to take note to what the characters are saying.

Many of the cast are while not major stars are veteran bit part actors who have familiar faces. In addition, as well as the many guest stars including Bruce Willis it's surprising how many of the supporting cast are stars now, for example Ving Rhames. Even after being viewed through 80's rose tinted glasses and overlooking some cheese - it encapsulates a fanciful nostalgia, the clothes, the cars, the boats, soundtrack and even Miami itself. The style and panache of Crockett and Tubbs sums it up, but that's not to say the locations, story lines and character are not without a dark side, prostitution, kidnapping, murder and drugs mainly heroin to name a few.

These maybe sanitized slightly due to censorship of the time but there's enough to give it an edge especially for the time.